If you haven’t heard of the MMPI test, it is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory or in simple words, it is a psychological test which determines the traits and personality of a person and psychopathology. This test is mainly done on people who are suffering from disorders in mental health or other chronic clinical problems.
The MMPI test is presently done in any of two forms, the MMPI-2 which includes 567 questions (true/false) and the brand new MMPI-2-RF which consists of just 338 true/false question and answers. It can be easily said that the newer form is easier and it takes half the time to complete but the former is the more widely used test due to its huge research based and familiarity.
The MMPI test – What does it test?
The previous version, the MMPI-2 has got various clinical subscales. Here are some of them.
- Depression (D): This scale measures clinical depression which can be recognized by dearth of positive hope in the future, poor morale and usual dissatisfaction about one’s life.
- Hypochondriasis (Hs): This scale measures a wide array of non-specific and vague complaints regarding body function. The complaints are about the back and abdomen and also gastrointestinal difficulties.
- Masculinity/Femininity (Mf): This is yet another scale which measures the interests in hobbies, vocations, personal activity, sensitivity and aesthetic preferences. It measures how much a person can conform with masculine and feminine roles.
- Hysteria (Hy): This measures 5 different components, shyness, poor physical health, headaches, cynicism and neuroticism.
- Paranoia (Pa): This scale measures interpersonal sensitivity, suspiciousness and self-righteousness. This scale has got 40 items.
- Psychopathic Deviate (Pd): This scale measures social maladjustment and the absence of pleasant experiences. The items tap to the complaints on family and other authoritative figures, social alienation and boredom.
- Schizophrenia (Sc): This scale measures strange thoughts, bizarre perceptions, poor family relationships and social alienation. It also measures self-identity.
- Psychasthenia (Pt): This scale measures the inability of a person to resist few thoughts and actions irrespective of their maladaptive characteristic. It measures OCD or Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
- Social Introversion (Si): This scale measures social extroversion and introversion of a person. Does the person withdraw himself from getting involved in social activities?
- Hypomania (Ma): This scale measures mild degrees of excitement characterized by an unstable mood, flight of ideas and psychomotor excitement.
Therefore, this test is basically used to understand the mental health score of a person and thereby take action to cure the person.