Before we understand the forms of vascular disease, let us first define what the condition is. Vascular disease is due to the hardening of a person’s arteries or atherosclerosis. When this condition happens to you, your blood’s flow will become limited that can cause the body not to get enough blood in order to circulate throughout the entire body.
Learn more about the types of vascular diseases:
- Stroke – this type of condition can affect the arteries that are leading to the brain or within the brain. It ensues when the supply of blood to the person’s brain is blocked. This can lead to having brain cell death or loss of brain function. It can also be a cause of blood clot or thrombosis, hemorrhage or bleeding, and blockage or embolism. When blood vessel becomes blocked, it cannot bring enough amount nutrients as well as oxygen to your brain. The most typical symptoms of stroke include the eyesight problems, inability of a patient to move parts of the body, and difficulty with speech or swallowing.
- Aneurysm – this includes renal, abdominal aneurysms and even thoracic. Aneurysm is when there’s a bulge that is typically seen in a section of one’s aorta. The aorta is a part of the body that is known for carrying blood from your heart all the way to the other body parts. The section of your aorta that has aneurysm can be weak, can burst, and can even overstretch. If this arises, it can lead to bleeding that may then result to one’s death. The exact cause of having aneurysm is still not known. The atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries is suspected to play a big role in being a cause of this illness. The risk factors that come with this illness include genetic factors, obesity, ageing, gender, and a lot more.
- Varicose veins – these are the enlarged as well as twisted veins that are commonly seen in one’s legs and feet. This is cause by the fact that your legs as well as feet are the areas most affected when you are walking or even just standing upright. These activities essentially increase the pressure in the veins of the lower body. Varicose veins are treatable by doing changes in one’s lifestyle or with different medical procedures. These treatments are advisable to relieve any pain you may experience or to avoid any further symptoms of varicose veins. They are also intended to avoid complications or to worsen the veins’ appearance.
- Peripheral arterial disease – PAD is a typical circulatory condition wherein there is a narrowing in one’s peripheral arteries leading to the legs, stomach, arms and head. These affected parts of the body don’t receive the proper amount of blood flow in order to keep up with the demand. Plus, PAD is also a common sign of an extensive buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries or atherosclerosis. This illness can lessen the blood flow in the brain, the heart, and even the legs.
- Pulmonary embolism – pulmonary embolism arises when there’s a blockage or blood clot in the lung arteries. This is a problem of deep vein thrombosis or DVT. It can be a cause of a person’s death that’s why it requires immediate treatment. Some of the symptoms of this illness include shortness of breath, bloody cough, chest pain, weak pulse, and lightheadedness.
- Venous blood clots – this condition blocks the flow of blood through a vein or an artery. In the event that the blood clot blocks your brain or heart’s vein as well as artery, it can lead to getting a heart attack or a stroke. Some of the main reasons for this condition are paralysis, major surgery, prolonged bed rest cancer, injury, and family history.